2015 was a great year for archaeologists around the world (the location of a mysterious ancient grave in Greece, Richard III’s final resting place, 5000-year-old footprints in Denmark…among many others).
Mediterranean archaeology is alive and may projects show this, since in many corners of this sea and in most of its islands archaeological research is shedding light on the lives of past civilizations from different cultures and chronologies.
One of these islands is Menorca (or Minorca), where a unique culture, known as the Talayotic, sprung around 3000 years ago (whereas the first settlers arrived to the island around 1000 years earlier). The Talayotic society developed a unique lifestyle, architecture and material culture which can still be seen in archaeological sites and artifacts dating from this period.
Menorca has more than 1500 archaeological sites, including settlements and different types of necropolis, and some of them have buildings which are exclusive to this island; that’s to say: that they cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
The first one is called “naveta” and is a type of upturn-shaped cyclopean building that was used as a collective burial site. There are several of them, although the most famous one is “Es Tudons” naveta, located in Ciutadella.
The other unique type of building is called Taula enclosure: a sanctuary with a horseshoe shaped layout and a central monument: Taula (a vertical monolith sustaining a horizontal one or capitel, both of them forming a T-shaped structure). More than 30 buildings of this type have been located on the island, the last one being the Taula sanctuary of Sa Cudia Cremada, which was located in 2015!
In 2015 we defined the buildings layout, located the entrance and several distinctive features, including the central Taula monument! We also recovered materials from different cultures, including Talayotic, Roman, Punic and Iberian pottery.
In summer 2016 we’ll go back to the site to continue digging in this building! We offer an archaeology course on fieldwork in this amazing building, where students can improve their fieldwork techniques and skills while digging in a unique structure from the recent Prehistory in the Mediterranean!
We’ll keep reducing the different archaeological levels to uncover more of the building and, in this way, find more of it structural elements (including the central monument) as well as evidence of the rituals that took place inside.
Registrations to this course are open and you can sign up now!
Come and join us in this exciting task!
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