2016 FIELDWORK SEASON REVIEW AT SA CUDIA CREMADA, MENORCA

In 2016 Sa Cudia Cremada Field School carried out its second excavation campaign, which took place in two sessions in August and September. Students from different countries, such as USA, Canada, Australia and Switzerland, attended our three-week courses, where they dug in Sa Cudia Cremada’s sanctuary (taula enclosure), which dates from the Late Talayotic period (second half of the 1st millennium BC or Second Iron Age).
sacudia-campamento

In 2015 the field school started the excavation of this building, which presented a good state of preservation and remained untouched until the team started digging its uppermost layers. Whereas in 2015 fieldwork consisted in removing the superficial layers covering the building and laying inside it, in 2016 the main task was that of removing a large tumble layer scattered throughout the building, even though the highest concentrations of collapsed rocks were located at the center and towards the western side. Apart from the large amount of rocks, this level was also formed by a reddish sandy-clay deposit that was located at the eastern side of the building and also between the rocks.

Regarding 2016 finds, this year we have not located Medieval pottery, something that was found quite frequently in the superficial layers excavated last year, and the Roman finds were very scarce. Most of the materials seem to date between the 4th and the 2nd centuries BC, as numerous sherds of Late Talayotic and Punic Ebusitan pottery seem to indicate.

Peter Hochsieder teaching our students in 2016.
Peter Hochsieder teaching our students in 2016.

The tumble level inside the building was abutting a set of stones that block up the sanctuary’s entrance. This indicates that the action of blocking up the building’s entrance took place long time ago, possibly when the sanctuary’s users decided to abandon it. The fact of not finding Roman or Medieval pottery in this tumble level could indicate that the last users closed the building around the end of the 3rd century or early 2nd century BC, a chronology that matches the events related to the Second Punic War.

But these are all hypotheses that will be confirmed or dismissed when we study the materials thoroughly and as we continued reducing the different levels inside the sanctuary, something that will happen again in September 2017, when the field school will carry out two sessions (two-weeks each).

Join us in this project in 2017 and dig in a unique type of sanctuary that dates from the Mediterranean recent Prehistory! Find out more about our courses here: http://archaeologysacudia.com/en/courses/fieldwork-course/
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